SAR and 3D-QSAR studies on thiadiazolidinone derivatives: exploration of structural requirements for glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitors.
|SAR and 3D-QSAR studies on thiadiazolidinone derivatives: exploration of structural requirements for glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitors.
|Year of Publication
|Martínez, Ana, Alonso Mercedes, Castro Ana, Dorronsoro Isabel, Gelpí Josep-Lluis, F Luque Javier, Pérez Concepción, and Moreno Francisco J.
|J Med Chem
|2005 Nov 17
|Binding Sites, Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3, Hydantoins, Maleimides, Models, Molecular, Protein Binding, Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship, Rhodanine, Structure-Activity Relationship, Thiadiazoles
The 2,4-disubstituted thiadiazolidinones (TDZD) are described as the first ATP-noncompetitive GSK-3 inhibitors. Following an SAR study about TDZD, different structural modifications in the heterocyclic ring aimed to test the influence of each heteroatom on the biological study are here reported here. Various compounds such as hydantoins, dithiazolidindiones, rhodanines, maleimides, and triazoles were synthesized and screened as GSK-3 inhibitors. After an extensive SAR study among these different heterocyclic families, TDZDs have been revealed as a privileged scaffold for the selective inhibition of GSK-3. A CoMFA analysis was also performed highlighting the molecular electrostatic field interaction in the interaction of TDZDs with GSK-3. Moreover, first mapping studies indicate two binding modes which in turn might imply relevant differences in the mechanism that underly the inhibitory activity of TDZDs.