Unique tautomeric properties of isoguanine.

TitleUnique tautomeric properties of isoguanine.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsBlas, José Ramón, F Luque Javier, and Orozco Modesto
JournalJ Am Chem Soc
Date Published2004 Jan 14
KeywordsBase Pairing, Chemical, DNA, Gases, Guanine, Hydrogen Bonding, Models, Molecular, Oligonucleotides, Solvents, Thermodynamics

The tautomeric properties of isoguanine (also named 2-oxoadenine or 2-hydroxyadenine) have been studied in the gas phase, in different pure solvents, and in the DNA environment using state of the art theoretical methods. Our results show that isoguanine constitutes an unique example of how tautomerism can be modulated by the environment. Compared to the tautomeric preference in the gas phase, both polar solvents and the DNA microenvironment dramatically change the intrinsic tautomeric properties of isoguanine. Tautomers which are important in physiological conditions are less than 1/10(5) of the total population of isoguanine in the gas phase. The impact of the present findings in the understanding of spontaneous mutations and in the design of new nucleobases with multiple recognition properties is discussed.